General: Garden plant that has snapdragon shaped flowers. The shape of the plant resembles a bottle brush.
Height: Grows between 10-80cm tall.
Flowers: Flowers look like snapdragons and are bright yellow. The flower clusters are attached to the stem by short equal stems at the top of the plant.
Leaves/Stems: Leaves are very thin and lance-shaped. They are pale green and grow from the stem alternately. The lower leaves are crowded. Stems are smooth with 1-25 floral stems at the top.
Root: Taproot and lateral roots with buds. The root can reach to 1m in depth.
Butter and Eggs, Wild snapdragon, Common Toadflax
Dalmatian Toadflax, invasive plant.
Differences: The way you can tell the difference between the 2 toadflaxes is by the leaves. Dalmatian toadflax has shorter, wide, waxy leaves that clasp the stem.
Where did it come from? Eurasia. Introduced as a garden ornamental.
Where does it grow here? Grows in a variety of environments especially disturbed sites like roadsides, cultivated fields, gravel pits, railway tracks and logging roads. In our region, it has been found in all environments including gravel pits, logging roads and hydro line access roads. It is well established on the roads near Gun Lake.
Reproduction: By seeds, roots and root buds. One plant can produce up to 30000 in one year. Seeds can stay viable in the soil for up to 10 years.
When does it grow, flower & seed? Sprouts in March-April. Flowers May-July. Seeds August-October.
Spreads By: Wind is the primary method of spread. Water and ants have also been reported to spread this plant. Grading, mowing and logging activities is also suspected in our region due to where this plant has been found.
Plant Type: Perennial.