General: Parasite that lives off of other plants, especially alfalfa, that has spaghetti like vines.
Height: Grows as high as a host plant.
Flowers: Flowers are small white or cream usually clustered.
Leaves/Stems: There are no leaves. Small scales may be present. The stems are thread-like. Their colour can range from orange to yellow to a pink colour. They stick to the host plant by suckers that look like warts.
Root: Aerial roots and suckers. Very few underground roots present only until the stems contact the host plant.
Other Dodder species are found in Canada both invasive and native.
Differences: Contact LRISS for assistance with identification.
Where did it come from? Eurasia.
Where does it grow here? Found in most agriculture regions of BC including our region. Found along roadsides and highways where alfalfa is present as a result of seeding.
Reproduction: By seed. It can produce over 16,000 seeds per plant. The seed can stay viable in the soil for up to 60 years.
When does it grow, flower & seed? Seeds germinate in the soil and make slender stems. The stems have a window of time to make contact with a host plant or the seedling will die. Once in contact with the host, it wraps around the plant and feeds off of it. Stems form dense mats, flowers and seeds.
Spreads By: Seeds fall to the ground and get moved by road grading, mowing and in crops like hay.
Plant Type: Annual Parasite